a deep open sore or break in the skin.
long-acting insulin. On average,
ultralente insulin starts to lower blood glucose
within 4 to 6 hours after injection. It has its
strongest effect 10 to 18 hours after injection but keeps working
24 to 28 hours after injection. Also called U insulin.
the basic measure of insulin.
U-100 insulin means 100 units of insulin per milliliter (mL) or
cubic centimeter (cc) of solution. Most insulin made today in
the United States is U-100. Syringes used must match the insulin
given (i.e., U100 syringes are used for U100 insulin).
see unit of insulin.
a waste product found in the blood that
results from the normal breakdown of protein in
the liver. Urea is normally removed from the blood
by the kidneys and then excreted in the urine.
the illness associated with the buildup
of urea in the blood because the kidneys
are not working effectively. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting,
loss of appetite, weakness, and mental confusion.
the liquid waste product filtered from
the blood by the kidneys, stored in the bladder,
and expelled from the body by the act of urinating.
also called urinalysis; a test of a urine
sample to diagnose diseases of the urinary system and other body
systems. In people with diabetes, a veterinarian may check for
1. Glucose, a sign of diabetes or other diseases.
2. Protein, a sign of kidney damage, or nephropathy.
(Also see albuminuria.)
3. White blood cells, a sign of urinary tract infection.
4. Ketones, a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis
or other conditions.
Urine may also be checked for signs of bleeding. Some tests use
a single urine sample. For others, 24-hour collection may be needed.
And sometimes a sample is "cultured" to see exactly
what type of bacteria grows.
relating to the body's blood vessels.
a blood vessel that carries
blood to the heart.
a type of insulin that starts to lower
glucose within 1 hour after injection
and keeps working evenly for 24 hours after injection. See glargine
a form of cholesterol in
the blood; high levels may be related to cardiovascular
surgery to restore sight in which the surgeon
removes the cloudy vitreous humor in the eye and
replaces it with a salt solution.
the clear gel that lies behind the eye's
lens and in front of the retina.
see very-low-density lipoprotein
to urinate; to empty the bladder.
steps taken to ensure that a wound such
as a foot ulcer heals correctly. People with diabetes
need to take special precautions so wounds do not become infected.
a carbohydrate-based sweetener
found in plants and used as a substitute for sugar;
provides calories. Found in some mints and chewing